Fashion Photography & Kolkata

Fashion photography has existed since the dawn of the photographic medium. Fashion photography has become extremely popular in recent years, especially with the emergence of new fashion icons and trends. Adolphe Braun's photographs of Virginia Oldoini, Countess of Castiglione, a Tuscan noblewoman at Napoleon III's court, were published in a book of 288 images. She is the first fashion model in the images because she is dressed in her formal court attire. Advances in halftone printing, allowed fashion images to be used in periodicals, in the first decade of the twentieth century. Fashion photography first appeared in magazines such as La Mode Pratique and Harper's Bazaar in France and the United States. Condé Nast acquired Vogue magazine in 1909 and was instrumental in the development of fashion photography. In the year 1911, photographer Edward Steichen was "dared" by Lucien Vogel, the publisher of Jardin des Modes and La Gazette du Bon Ton, to promote fashion as fine art through the use of photography. Steichen then took photos of gowns designed by couturier Paul Poiret. These photographs were published in the April 1911 issue of the magazine Art et Decoration. This is "today believed to be the first-ever modern fashion photography shoot," according to Jesse Alexander, "that is, photographing the garments in such a way as to convey a sense of their physical quality as well as their formal appearance, rather than merely portraying the object." Steichen's strong regard for photography prompted him to work as the chief photographer for both Vogue and Vanity Fair for fourteen years.

The age of 1920s and 1930s was predominantly ruled by Vogue and Harpe’s Bazaar, the two leading magazines in the fashion photography industry. House photographers like Steichen, George Hoyningen-Huene, Horst P. Horst, and Cecil Beaton elevated the genre to a level of excellence. As World War II loomed in the mid-1930s, the focus switched to the United States, where Vogue and Harper's rekindled their old rivalry. Martin Munkacsi took the first beach shots of models in sporting stances in 1936. Harper's Bazaar swiftly adopted this new look, thanks to the artistic leadership of Alexey Brodovitch. House photographers like Irving Penn, Martin Munkacsi, Richard Avedon, and Louise Dahl-Wolfe would influence fashion photography for decades to come.

Richard Avedon revolutionized fashion photography and photographer with his progressive imagination of modern women in the past- World War II period. The beginning of World War II from 1939 marked the end of the flourishing fashion photography. The US and Europe quickly became estranged from one another. With Paris seized and London under siege, what had previously been a friendly and productive working relationship deteriorated. At the time, Paris, the world's fashion capital at the time, became increasingly isolated from the United States, especially after Vogue Paris went on hiatus in 1940. As a result of these changes, models frequently posed with flags, drove American-brand vehicles, and generally embodied the American ideal. On the other hand, what remained of French and British fashion photography frequently had a wartime overlay to it. In Cecil Beaton's 1941 photograph "Fashion is Indestructible," a well-dressed woman views the ruins that once were Middle Temple in London. Similarly, Lee Miller began taking photos of women in Paris and London, modeling the latest designs in gas masks and bicycling with pin curlers in their hair, as they did not have electricity with which to curl their hair. Images such as these remain scarred in the face of fashion photography of the time and display a common sentiment among the fashionable world and the general public. Even fashion photographers tried to document the issues at hand and contribute to a historical record—even if just in the context of fashion. These photographs provide a very accurate depiction of popular emotions at the time. Many people believed that fashion photography, especially during wartime, was frivolous and superfluous. Those few who worked to keep the industry alive did so in novel and imaginative ways throughout the conflict.

In post-war London, John French pioneered a new type of fashion photography suitable for newsprint reproduction using natural light and low contrast.

Fashion photography has grown in popularity in recent years as the internet and e-commerce have expanded. In the fashion industry, clean products, knolling, and ghost mannequin photography have all become commonplace. Following WWII, fashion underwent significant changes, with a slew of new designers emerging in the 1950s and 1960s.

The Top Fashion Photographers Who Changed the World Baron Adolf De Meyer (1868-1946)